- bright red blood after you poo.
- an itchy anus
- feeling like you still need to poo after going to the toilet.
- slimy mucus in your underwear or on toilet paper after wiping your bottom.
- lumps around your anus.
- pain around your anus.
Piles is another term for hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are collections of inflamed tissue in the anal canal. They contain blood vessels, support tissue, muscle, and elastic fibers.
Many people have piles, but the symptoms are not always obvious. Hemorrhoids cause noticeable symptoms for at least 50 percent of people in the United States (U.S.) before the age of 50 years.
Fast facts on piles:
Piles are collections of tissue and vein that become inflamed and swollen.
The size of piles can vary, and they are found inside or outside the anus.
Piles occur due to chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea, lifting heavy weights, pregnancy, or straining when passing a stool.
A doctor can usually diagnose piles on examination.
Hemorrhoids are graded on a scale from I to IV. At grades III or IV, surgery may be necessary.
- dull pain in the stomach
- weight loss
- not wanting to eat because of pain
- nausea or vomiting
- feeling easily full
- burping or acid reflux
- heartburn, which is a burning sensation in the chest)
- pain that may improve when you eat, drink, or take antacids
- anemia, whose symptoms can include tiredness, shortness of breath, or paler skin dark, tarry stools
- vomit that’s bloody or looks like coffee grounds
Stomach ulcers, which are also known as gastric ulcers, are painful sores in the stomach lining. Stomach ulcers are a type of peptic ulcer disease. Peptic ulcers are any ulcers that affect both the stomach and small intestines.
Stomach ulcers occur when the thick layer of mucus that protects your stomach from digestive juices is reduced. This allows the digestive acids to eat away at the tissues that line the stomach, causing an ulcer.
Stomach ulcers may be easily cured, but they can become severe without proper treatment
9 Surprising Benefits of Weight Loss:
Battling the scale is not anyone’s idea of a good time. And when you’re overweight or obese, the fight can feel particularly frustrating.
- Saucier Sex.
- Fewer Asthma Problems.
- Better Memory
- Vidar Nordli-Mathisen.
- Fewer Migraines
- More Predictable Periods.
- Better Tasting Food.
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis. The prostate is just in front of the rectum. The urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body.
The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and it’s expelled with sperm as semen.
The vasa deferentia (singular: vas deferens) bring sperm from the testes to the seminal vesicles. The seminal vesicles contribute fluid to semen during ejaculation.
Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate, sometimes caused by infection. It is typically treated with antibiotics.
Enlarged prostate: Called benign prostatic hypertrophy or BPH, prostate growth affects virtually all men over 50. Symptoms of difficult urination tend to increase with age. Medicines or surgery can treat BPH.
Prostate cancer: It’s the most common form of cancer in men (besides skin cancer), but only one in 41 men die from prostate cancer. Surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy can be used to treat prostate cancer. Some men choose to delay treatment, which is called watchful waiting.
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- Need to get up many times during the night to urinate.
- Blood in urine or semen.
- Pain or burning urination.
- Painful ejaculation.
- Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs.
- Dribbling of urine.
RHEUMATISM / ARTHRITIS
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels. An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues.
Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.
The inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis is what can damage other parts of the body as well. While new types of medications have improved treatment options dramatically, severe rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical disabilities.
Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many non-joint structures, including:
- Salivary glands
- Nerve tissue
- Bone marrow
- Blood vessels
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells begin to die in minutes.
A stroke is a medical emergency, and prompt treatment is crucial. Early action can reduce brain damage and other complications.
The good news is that many fewer Patients die of stroke now than in the past. Because Effective treatments can also help prevent disability from stroke.
If you or someone you’re with maybe having a stroke, pay particular attention to the time the symptoms began. Some treatment options are most effective when given soon after a stroke begins.
Signs and symptoms of stroke include:
Trouble speaking and understanding what others are saying. You may experience confusion, slur your words, or have difficulty understanding speech.
Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg. You may develop sudden numbness, weakness, or paralysis in your face, arm, or leg. This often affects just one side of your body. Try to raise both your arms over your head at the same time. If one arm begins to fall, you may be having a stroke. Also, one side of your mouth may droop when you try to smile.
Problems seeing in one or both eyes. You may suddenly have blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes, or you may see double.
Headache. A sudden, severe headache, which may be accompanied by vomiting, dizziness, or altered consciousness, may indicate that you’re having a stroke.
Trouble walking. You may stumble or lose your balance. You may also have sudden dizziness or a loss of coordination.
IMPOTENCE(INFERTILITY IN MEN)
Occurs when a man can’t get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse.
Erectile dysfunction can be a sign of a physical or psychological condition. It can cause stress, relationship strain, and low self-confidence.
The main symptom is a man’s inability to get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse.
Patients suffering from erectile dysfunction should first be evaluated for any underlying physical and psychological conditions. If treatment of the underlying conditions doesn’t help, medication and Suppliments can be prescribed.
5 Common Causes of Impotence
A. Endocrine diseases
The body’s endocrine system produces hormones that regulate metabolism, sexual function, reproduction, mood, and much more.
Diabetes is an example of an endocrine disease that can cause you to experience impotence. Diabetes affects the body’s ability to use the hormone insulin.
One of the complications associated with chronic diabetes is nerve damage. This affects penis sensations. Other complications associated with diabetes include impaired blood flow and hormone levels. Both of these factors can contribute to impotence.
B. Neurological and nerve disorders
Several neurologic conditions can increase the risk for impotence. Nerve conditions affect the brain’s ability to communicate with the reproductive system. This can prevent you from achieving an erection.
Neurological disorders associated with impotence include:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- brain or spinal tumors
- multiple sclerosis (MS)
- temporal lobe epilepsy
If you’ve had prostate surgery, you can also experience nerve damage, resulting in impotence.
Long-distance bicycle riders can experience temporary impotence. Repeated pressure on the buttocks and genitals can affect the function of the nerves.
C. Taking medications
Taking certain medications can affect blood flow, which can lead to ED. You should never stop taking a medication without your doctor’s permission, even if it’s known to cause impotence.
Examples of medications known to cause impotence include:
alpha-adrenergic blockers, including tamsulosin (Flomax)
beta-blockers, such as carvedilol (Coreg) and metoprolol (Lopressor)
cancer chemotherapy medications, such as cimetidine (Tagamet)
central nervous system (CNS) depressants, such as alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and codeine
CNS stimulants, such as cocaine and amphetamines
diuretics, such as furosemide (Lasix) and spironolactone (Aldactone)
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and paroxetine (Paxil)
synthetic hormones, including as leuprolide (Eligard)
D. Cardiac-related conditions
Conditions that affect the heart and its ability to pump blood well can cause impotence. Without enough blood flow to the penis, you can’t achieve an erection.
Atherosclerosis, a condition that causes the blood vessels to become clogged, can cause impotence. High cholesterol and hypertension are also associated with increased risks for impotence.
E. Lifestyle factors and emotional disorders
Depression and anxiety are associated with increased risk for impotence. Depression is a feeling of sadness, loss of hope, or helplessness. Fatigue related to depression can also cause impotence.
Abuse of drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines can also cause impotence. Alcohol abuse and alcoholism can affect your ability to achieve or maintain an erection as well. See your doctor if you suspect that you may have a substance abuse problem.
Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying (or six months if a woman is 35 or older).
Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. About 10 percent of women (6.1 million) in the United States ages 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or staying pregnant, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
FEMALE INFECTION (Vaginitis)
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It’s due to an imbalance of yeast and bacteria that normally live in the vagina.
Along with discomfort, you may notice a smell that’s different than usual. You could have an infection caused by bacteria, yeast, or viruses. Chemicals in soaps, sprays, or even clothing that come in contact with this area could be irritating the delicate skin and tissues.
It’s not always easy to figure out what’s going on, though. You’ll probably need your doctor’s help to sort it out and choose the right treatment.
Types and Causes of Female Infection
Doctors refer to the various conditions that cause an infection or inflammation of the vagina as “vaginitis.”
The most common kinds are:
Bacterial vaginosis, inflammation of the vagina due to an overgrowth of bacteria. It typically causes a strong fishy odor.
Candida or “yeast” infection, an overgrowth of the fungus candida, which is normally found in small amounts in the vagina.
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in women, usually in those ages 18 to 35 who have multiple sex partners.
Gonorrhea is another common infection spread through sex. It often comes along with chlamydia.
Trichomoniasis is an infection spread by sex that’s caused by a parasite. It raises your risk for other STIs.
Viral vaginitis is inflammation caused by a virus, like the herpes simplex virus (HSV) or human papillomavirus (HPV), which spread through sex. Sores or warts on the genitals can be painful.
MENSTRUAL PAINS / MENSTRUAL DISORDER
Menstrual disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Uterine fibroids.
- Hormonal imbalances.
- Clotting disorders.
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – cysts on the ovaries.
More than 4.2 million Americans aged 40 years and older are either legally blind (having best-corrected visual acuity of 6/60 or worse (=20/200) in the better-seeing eye) or are with low vision (having best-corrected visual acuity less than 6/12 (<20/40) in the better-seeing eye, excluding those who were categorized as being blind).
The leading causes of blindness and low vision in the United States are primarily age-related eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.
Other common eye disorders include amblyopia and strabismus.
A. Active Errors
Refractive errors are the most frequent eye problems in the United States. Refractive errors include myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism (distorted vision at all distances), and presbyopia that occurs between age 40–50 years (loss of the ability to focus up close, inability to read letters of the phone book, need to hold newspaper farther away to see clearly) can be corrected by eyeglasses, contact lenses, or in some cases surgery. The National Eye Institute states that proper refractive correction could improve vision among 150 million Americans.
B. Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration, often called age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is an eye disorder associated with aging and results in damaging sharp and central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving. AMD affects the macula, the central part of the retina that allows the eye to see fine details. There are two forms of AMD—wet and dry.
Wet AMD is when abnormal blood vessels behind the retina start to grow under the macula, ultimately leading to blood and fluid leakage. Bleeding, leaking, and scarring from these blood vessels cause damage and lead to rapid central vision loss. An early symptom of wet AMD is that straight lines appear wavy.
C. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common complication of diabetes. It is the leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is characterized by progressive damage to the blood vessels of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that is necessary for good vision. DR progresses through four stages, mild nonproliferative retinopathy (microaneurysms), moderate nonproliferative retinopathy (blockage in some retinal vessels), severe nonproliferative retinopathy (more vessels are blocked leading to the deprived retina from blood supply leading to growing new blood vessels), and proliferative retinopathy (most advanced stage). Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.
A glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. However, recent findings now show that glaucoma can occur with normal eye pressure. With early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
There are two major categories “open-angle” and “closed-angle” glaucoma. Open-angle is a chronic condition that progresses slowly over a long period of time without the person noticing vision loss until the disease is very advanced, that is why it is called “sneak thief of sight.” Angle-closure can appear suddenly and is painful. Visual loss can progress quickly; however, the pain and discomfort lead patients to seek medical attention before permanent damage occurs.
Amblyopia, also referred to as “lazy eye,” is the most common cause of vision impairment in children. Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. Conditions leading to amblyopia include strabismus, an imbalance in the positioning of the two eyes; more nearsighted, farsighted, or astigmatic in one eye than the other eye, and rarely other eye conditions such as cataract.
Unless it is successfully treated in early childhood amblyopia usually persists into adulthood, and is the most common cause of permanent one-eye vision impairment among children and young and middle-aged adults. An estimated 2%–3% of the population suffer from amblyopia
Strabismus involves an imbalance in the positioning of the two eyes. Strabismus can cause the eyes to cross in (esotropia) or turn out (exotropia). Strabismus is caused by a lack of coordination between the eyes. As a result, the eyes look in different directions and do not focus simultaneously on a single point. In most cases of strabismus in children, the cause is unknown. In more than half of these cases, the problem is present at or shortly after birth (congenital strabismus). When the two eyes fail to focus on the same image, there is reduced or absent depth perception and the brain may learn to ignore the input from one eye, causing permanent vision loss in that eye (one type of amblyopia)
Diarrhoea is when your bowel movements become loose or watery. The definition of diarrhoea is passing loose or watery bowel movements 3 or more times in a day (or more frequently than usual).
Diarrhoea occurs when the lining of the intestine is unable to absorb fluid, or it actively secretes fluid. There are many causes, including infection and inflammation.
Many cases of diarrhoea are self-limiting and don’t need specific treatment. However, it’s important in any case of diarrhoea to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of liquids.
Symptoms of diarrhoea
In addition to frequent, watery bowel movements, the stool may also contain mucus, pus, blood or excessive amounts of fat.
Diarrhoea can be accompanied by:
- painful abdominal cramps
- generalised weakness
Diarrhoea can cause, especially in young children and older people. Symptoms of dehydration in adults can include:
- lack of energy
- passing less urine than normal
- dizziness or light-headedness and
- the skin on the back of your hand is slow to return to position after being pinched upwards.
Symptoms of mild to moderate dehydration in children can include:
- dry mouth
- passing less urine than usual (often noticed as fewer wet nappies in babies and toddlers)
- listlessness and
- fewer tears when crying.
Signs of severe dehydration in children include sunken eyes, cheeks or belly, or a sunken fontanelle (the soft spot on the top of the head in babies and toddlers).
People with diarrhoea, especially the very young and the very elderly, are at risk of becoming rapidly dehydrated. This requires immediate medical attention.
Diarrhoea may have many different including the following.
Infection (with a virus, bacteria or parasite). Infectious diarrhoea is most commonly caused by viruses passed from person to person, or by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with viruses, bacteria – such as , or a parasite – such as
A change in diet.
Food intolerance (e.g. ). Some people have diarrhoea after eating foods containing fructose (a type of sugar) or artificial sweeteners such as sorbitol and mannitol.
Drinking excess alcohol.
Bowel conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease ( or ), or .
Malabsorption (e.g. due to problems with the pancreas).
Surgery (e.g. when part of the bowel has been removed).
Some medicines can cause diarrhoea as a side effect. are a common example. They can disrupt the balance of , which can lead to diarrhoea. Other examples of medicines that can cause diarrhoea include some antacids and diabetes tablets.
Diarrhoea in very young children is often caused by viral infections. Rotavirus infections were a common cause, but this risk is reduced by the rotavirus vaccine, which can prevent gastroenteritis (or reduce the risk of severe gastroenteritis) caused by rotavirus infection. Many other viruses still commonly cause diarrhoea in infants and toddlers.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.
Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
There are a few different types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.
A rare condition called diabetes insipidus is not related to diabetes mellitus, although it has a similar name. It’s a different condition in which your kidneys remove too much fluid from your body.
Each type of diabetes has unique symptoms, causes, and treatments. Learn more about how these types differ from one another.
Symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes symptoms are caused by rising blood sugar.
The general symptoms of diabetes include:
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- weight loss
- frequent urination
- blurry vision
- extreme fatigue
- sores that don’t heal
Symptoms in men
In addition to the general symptoms of diabetes, men with diabetes may have a decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction (ED), and poor muscle strength.
Symptoms in women
Women with diabetes can also have symptoms such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry, itchy skin.
Type 1 diabetes
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can include:
- extreme hunger
- increased thirst
- unintentional weight loss
- frequent urination
- blurry vision
- It may also result in mood changes.
Type 2 diabetes
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- blurry vision
- sores that are slow to heal
- It may also cause recurring infections. This is because elevated glucose levels make it harder for the body to heal.
Most women with gestational diabetes don’t have any symptoms. The condition is often detected during a routine blood sugar test or oral glucose tolerance test that is usually performed between the 24th and 28th weeks of gestation.
In rare cases, a woman with gestational diabetes will also experience increased thirst or urination.
The bottom line
Diabetes symptoms can be so mild that they’re hard to spot at first. Learn which signs should prompt a trip to the doctor.
Causes of diabetes
Different causes are associated with each type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. For some reason, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
Genes may play a role in some people. It’s also possible that a virus sets off the immune system attack.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes stems from a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. Being overweight or obese increases your risk too. Carrying extra weight, especially in your belly, makes your cells more resistant to the effects of insulin on your blood sugar.
This condition runs in families. Family members share genes that make them more likely to get type 2 diabetes and to be overweight.
Gestational diabetes is the result of hormonal changes during pregnancy. The placenta produces hormones that make a pregnant woman’s cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin. This can cause high blood sugar during pregnancy.
Your living conditions and your age are written on your face! That’s why the rich look younger than their peers. The rich, scientists and celebrities have various opportunities and try products that help them to live longer, look younger. Among the products, NMN shows its significant effects on DNA repair and anti-aging and it has raised a craze in the upper class, Your Body Aging Faster Than You Expected
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Why the significant vigor loss when the cell has lived only one-third of its lifespan
In every minute, one hundred million cells die in the entire human body. The cell algebra theory (or say the theory of cell division count) believes that the human cell updates every 2.4 years. Based on the experimental discovery, the human cell can be cultivated and sustained for 50 generations under cultivation conditions. In conclusion, the human average lifespan is supposed to be 2.4*50=120 years old.
NMN helps to breakdown food like sugars into energy.
Prevent and treat diabetes
NMN is used to repair broken DNA strands
NMN is required for our longevity genes to work.
NMN Preventing dementia;
Activate blood vessels and muscles
Finally, NMN does not only slow down the aging process, but it reverses aging from 70 to 90% which means an average human whose life-span is 80 years can live up to 120years with this product..
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans.
Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity or excessive drinking of alcohol. Other factors include certain infections, exposure to ionizing radiation, and environmental pollutants. In the developing world, 15% of cancers are due to infections such as Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus infection, Epstein–Barr virus, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). These factors act, at least partly, by changing the genes of a cell. Typically, many genetic changes are required before cancer develops. Approximately 5–10% of cancers are due to inherited genetic defects from a person’s parents. Cancer can be detected by certain signs and symptoms or screening tests. It is then typically further investigated by medical imaging and confirmed by biopsy.
The risk of developing certain cancers can be reduced by not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, not drinking too much alcohol, eating plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, vaccination against certain infectious diseases, not eating too much processed and red meat, and avoiding too much sunlight exposure
When cancer begins, it produces no symptoms. Signs and symptoms appear as the mass grows or ulcerates. The findings that result depend on cancer’s type and location. Few symptoms are specific. Many frequently occur in individuals who have other conditions. Cancer can be difficult to diagnose and can be considered a “great imitator.”
People may become anxious or depressed post-diagnosis. The risk of suicide in people with cancer is approximately double.
Local symptoms may occur due to the mass of the tumor or its ulceration. For example, mass effects from lung cancer can block the bronchus resulting in cough or pneumonia; esophageal cancer can cause narrowing of the esophagus, making it difficult or painful to swallow; and colorectal cancer may lead to narrowing or blockages in the bowel, affecting bowel habits. Masses in breasts or testicles may produce observable lumps. Ulceration can cause bleeding that can lead to symptoms such as coughing up blood (lung cancer), anemia or rectal bleeding (colon cancer), blood in the urine (bladder cancer), or abnormal vaginal bleeding (endometrial or cervical cancer). Although localized pain may occur in advanced cancer, the initial tumor is usually painless. Some cancers can cause a buildup of fluid within the chest or abdomen.
Systemic symptoms may occur due to the body’s response to cancer. This may include fatigue, unintentional weight loss, or skin changes. Some cancers can cause a systemic inflammatory state that leads to ongoing muscle loss and weakness, known as cachexia.
Some types of cancer such as Hodgkin disease, leukemias, and cancers of the liver or kidney can cause a persistent fever.
Some systemic symptoms of cancer are caused by hormones or other molecules produced by the tumor, known as paraneoplastic syndromes. Common paraneoplastic syndromes include hypercalcemia which can cause altered mental state, constipation and dehydration, or hyponatremia that can also cause altered mental status, vomiting, headache, or seizures.
Main article: Metastasis
Metastasis is the spread of cancer to other locations in the body. The dispersed tumors are called metastatic tumors, while the original is called the primary tumor. Almost all cancers can metastasize. Most cancer deaths are due to cancer that has metastasized.
Metastasis is common in the late stages of cancer and it can occur via the blood or the lymphatic system or both. The typical steps in metastasis are local invasion, intravasation into the blood or lymph, circulation through the body, extravasation into the new tissue, proliferation, and angiogenesis. Different types of cancers tend to metastasize to particular organs, but overall the most common places for metastases to occur are the lungs, liver, brain, and bones.
You probably have heard about cholesterol, but you might not be sure exactly what it is. Cholesterol is a waxy type of fat, or lipid, which moves throughout your body in your blood. Lipids are substances that do not dissolve in water, so they do not come apart in blood. Your body makes cholesterol, but you can also get it from foods. Cholesterol is only found in foods that come from animals.
What are the types of cholesterol?
Cholesterol moves throughout the body carried by lipoproteins in the blood. These lipoproteins include:
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is one of the two main lipoproteins. LDL is often called “the bad cholesterol.”
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the other main lipoprotein. HDL is often called “the good cholesterol.”
Very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) are particles in the blood that carry triglycerides.
High cholesterol can cause a dangerous accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits on the walls of your arteries (atherosclerosis). These deposits (plaques) can reduce blood flow through your arteries, which can cause complications, such as:
Chest pain: If the arteries that supply your heart with blood (coronary arteries) are affected, you might have chest pain (angina) and other symptoms of coronary artery disease.
Heart attack: If plaques tear or rupture, a blood clot can form at the plaque-rupture site blocking the flow of blood or breaking free and plugging an artery downstream. If blood flow to part of your heart stops, you’ll have a heart attack.
Stroke: Similar to a heart attack, a stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow to part of your brain.
HIV causes AIDS and interferes with the body’s ability to fight infections.
The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids.
Within a few weeks of HIV infection, flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and fatigue can occur. Then the disease is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to AIDS. AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue, and recurrent infections.
HIV is a virus that attacks cells in the immune system (the body’s natural defense against illness). The virus destroys a type of white blood cell in the immune system called a T-helper cell – also referred to as a CD4 cell – and uses these cells to make copies of itself.
As HIV destroys more CD4 cells and makes more copies of itself, it gradually weakens a person’s immune system. This means that someone who has HIV and isn’t taking treatment for it, will find it harder and harder to fight off infections and diseases.
If HIV is left untreated, it may take up to 10 or 15 years for the immune system to be so severely damaged that it can no longer defend itself. However, the rate at which HIV progresses varies depending on age, general health, and background.
Basic facts about HIV
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus.
People with HIV can enjoy a long and healthy life by taking antiretroviral treatment (ART) which is effective and available to all.
The earlier a person is diagnosed with HIV, the sooner they can start treatment – which means they will enjoy better health in the long term.
HIV is found in semen (cum), blood, vaginal and anal fluids, and breastmilk. It is mainly passed on through unprotected sex (without a condom), sharing needles or syringes and during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding.
HIV can’t be transmitted through sweat, saliva or urine. This means it cannot be passed on through coughing or sneezing, hugging, kissing, or sharing towels or a toilet seat with someone who has the virus.
What is AIDS?
AIDS is a set of symptoms (or syndrome) caused by the HIV virus. A person is said to have AIDS when their immune system is too weak to fight off infection, and they develop certain symptoms and illnesses (known as ‘opportunistic infections ’). This is the last stage of HIV, when the infection is very advanced, and if left untreated will lead to death.
Basic facts about AIDS
AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It’s also called advanced HIV infection or late-stage HIV.
AIDS is a set of symptoms and illnesses that develop when an advanced HIV infection has destroyed the immune system.
Fewer people develop AIDS now, as more people are on treatment for HIV and staying well.
Although there is no cure for HIV, with the right treatment and support, people living with HIV can enjoy long and healthy lives. To do this, it’s especially important to commit to taking treatment correctly.
FOR NATURAL BEAUTY
Beauty exists by birth, inherited from your parents. Natural beauty is one with attractive features and looking attractive naturally without any makeup.
It means your lips are beautiful without any lipstick or lip balm, your eyes are beautiful without any kajal or eye makeup, your face is shiny without any compact.
Everybody has natural beauty. Some have beautiful hair, some have soft skin and some have eyes to die for. The confidence with which we carry ourselves makes us more beautiful. A girl with the inner radiance, charming smile, and natural elegance stands out in a crowd.
Be aware of your beauty factor and explore it. Have the confidence to face the world with natural charm and without artificial makeup. You will definitely win the world by being yourself. Your heart should be more beautiful than your looks. That matters the most.
A small, hard deposit that forms in the kidneys and is often painful when passed.
Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage.
The most common symptom is severe pain, usually, in the side of the abdomen, that’s often associated with nausea.
Kidney stone facts
A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract.
Nephrolithiasis is the medical term for kidney stones.
One in every 20 people develops kidney stones at some point in their life.
Kidney stones form when there is a decrease in urine volume and/or an excess of stone-forming substances in the urine.
Dehydration is a major risk factor for kidney stone formation.
Symptoms of a kidney stone include flank pain (the pain can be quite severe) and blood in the urine (hematuria).
People with certain medical conditions, such as gout, and those who take certain medications or supplements are at risk for kidney stones.
Diet and hereditary factors are also related to stone formation.
Diagnosis of kidney stones is best accomplished using an ultrasound, intravenous pyelography (IVP), or a CT scan.
Most kidney stones will pass through the ureter to the bladder on their own with time.
Treatment includes pain-control medications and, in some cases, medications to facilitate the passage of urine.
Memory loss (amnesia) is unusual forgetfulness. You may not be able to remember new events, recall one or more memories of the past, or both.
The memory loss may be for a short time and then resolve (transient). Or, it may not go away, and, depending on the cause, it can get worse over time.
In severe cases, such memory impairment may interfere with daily living activities.
Normal aging can cause some forgetfulness. It is normal to have some trouble learning new material or needing more time to remember it. But normal aging does not lead to dramatic memory loss. Such memory loss is due to other diseases.
Memory loss can be caused by many things. To determine a cause, your health care provider will ask if the problem came on suddenly or slowly.
Many areas of the brain help you create and retrieve memories. A problem in any of these areas can lead to memory loss.
Memory loss may result from a new injury to the brain, which is caused by or is present after:
Cancer treatment, such as brain radiation, bone marrow transplant, or chemotherapy
Concussion or head trauma
Not enough oxygen getting to the brain when your heart or breathing is stopped for too long
Severe brain infection or infection around the brain
Major surgery or severe illness, including brain surgery
Transient global amnesia (sudden, temporary loss of memory) of unclear cause
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke
Hydrocephalus (fluid collection in the brain)
Sometimes, memory loss occurs with mental health problems, such as:
After a major, traumatic or stressful event
Depression or other mental health disorders, such as schizophrenia
Memory loss may be a sign of dementia. Dementia also affects thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Common types of dementia associated with memory loss are:
Lewy body dementia
Progressive supranuclear palsy
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (mad cow disease)
Other causes of memory loss include:
Alcohol or use of prescription or illegal drugs
Brain infections such as Lyme disease, syphilis, or HIV/AIDS
Overuse of medicines, such as barbiturates or (hypnotics)
ECT (electroconvulsive therapy) (most often short-term memory loss)
Epilepsy that is not well controlled
An illness that results in the loss of, or damage to brain tissue or nerve cells, such as Parkinson disease, Huntington disease, or multiple sclerosis
Low levels of important nutrients or vitamins, such as low vitamin B1 or B12
Detoxification or detoxication (detox for short) is the physiological or medicinal removal of toxic substances from a living organism, including the human body, which is mainly carried out by the liver. Additionally, it can refer to the period of withdrawal during which an organism returns to homeostasis after long-term use of an addictive substance.
In medicine, detoxification can be achieved by decontamination of poison ingestion and the use of antidotes as well as techniques such as dialysis and (in a limited number of cases) chelation therapy.
Many alternative medicine practitioners promote various types of detoxification such as detoxification diets. Scientists have described these as a “waste of time and money”.Sense About Science, a UK-based charitable trust, determined that most such dietary “detox” claims lack any supporting evidence.
ALCOHOL AND CIGARETTE DETOXIFICATION
The liver and kidney are naturally capable of detox, as are intracellular (specifically, inner membrane of mitochondria or in the endoplasmic reticulum of cells) proteins such as CYP enzymes. In cases of kidney failure, the action of the kidneys is mimicked by dialysis; kidney and liver transplants are also used for kidney and liver failure, respectively.
Alcohol detoxification is a process by which a heavy drinker’s system is brought back to normal after being habituated to having alcohol in the body continuously for an extended period of substance abuse. Serious alcohol addiction results in a downregulation of GABA neurotransmitter receptors.
Precipitous withdrawal from long-term alcohol addiction without medical management can cause severe health problems and can be fatal. Alcohol detox is not a treatment for alcoholism. After detoxification, other treatments must be undergone to deal with the underlying addiction that caused alcohol use.
A solid or fluid-filled sac or pocket (cyst) within or on the surface of an ovary.
Ovarian cysts usually disappear in a few months but can cause complications if they don’t.
Most ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms. In some cases, menstrual irregularities, pain during intercourse, or irregular bowel movements can occur.
FACTS ON FIBROID
Here Are Some Key Points About Fibroids
Fibroids are most common during the reproductive years.
It is unclear exactly why they form, but they appear to develop when estrogen levels are higher.
Most people experience no symptoms, but they can include lower backache, constipation, and excessive or painful uterine bleeding leading to anemia.
Complications are rare, but they can be serious.
TYPES OF FIBROID AND LOCATION
Intramural: This is the most common type. An intramural fibroid is embedded in the muscular wall of the womb.
Subserosal fibroids: These extend beyond the wall of the womb and grow within the surrounding outer uterine tissue layer. They can develop into pedunculated fibroids, where the fibroid has a stalk and can become quite large.
Submucosal fibroids: This type can push into the cavity of the womb. It is usually found in the muscle beneath the inner lining of the wall.
Cervical fibroids: Cervical fibroids take root in the neck of the womb, known as the cervix.
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF FIBROID
Around 15 In 50 Women With Uterine Fibroids Will Experience Symptoms And this May Include:
Heavy, painful periods, also known as menorrhagia
Anemia from heavy periods of lower backache or leg pain
Discomfort in the lower abdomen, especially in the case of large fibroids
Pain during intercourse, known as dyspareunia
Other possible symptoms include:
If fibroids are large, there may also be weight gain and swelling in the lower abdomen.
A goiter can present as a palpable or visible enlargement of the thyroid gland at the base of the neck. A goiter, if associated with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, may be present with symptoms of the underlying disorder. For hyperthyroidism, the most common symptoms are associated with adrenergic stimulation: tachycardia (increased heart rate), palpitations, nervousness, tremor, increased blood pressure, and heat intolerance. Clinical manifestations are often related to hypermetabolism, (increased metabolism), excessive thyroid hormone, an increase in oxygen consumption, metabolic changes in protein metabolism, immunologic stimulation of diffuse goiter, and ocular changes (exophthalmos) Hypothyroid people commonly have a poor appetite, cold intolerance, constipation, lethargy and may undergo weight gain.
A goiter may be classified either as nodular or diffuse. Nodular goiters are either of one nodule (unimodular) or of multiple nodules (multinodular).
Uninodular goiter: one thyroid nodule; can be either inactive or active (toxic) – autonomously producing thyroid hormone.
Multinodular goiter: multiple nodules; can likewise be inactive or toxic, the latter is called a toxic multinodular goiter and associated with hyperthyroidism. These nodules grow up at varying rates and secrete thyroid hormone autonomously, thereby suppressing TSH-dependent growth and function in the rest of the gland. Inactive nodules in the same goiter can be malignant. Thyroid cancer is identified in 13.7% of the patients operated for multinodular goiter.
Diffuse goiter: the whole thyroid appearing to be enlarged due to hyperplasia.